What causes neuropathy in feet and legs?
Peripheral neuropathy, an outcome of damage to the nerves beyond the brain and spinal cord (peripheral nerves), frequently causes discomfort, weak point and pins and needles, generally in your hands and feet. It can also affect other locations of your body. Your peripheral nervous system sends info from your brain and spinal cord (central nerve system) to the rest of your body.
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Peripheral neuropathy can arise from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic issues, inherited causes and direct exposure to toxins. Among the most common causes is diabetes. Individuals with peripheral neuropathy normally explain the discomfort as stabbing, burning or tingling. Oftentimes, signs enhance, especially if caused by a treatable condition. Medications can lower the pain of peripheral neuropathy.
Nerves are categorized into: Sensory nerves that receive feeling, such as temperature level, vibration, touch or pain, from the skin Motor nerves that control muscle movement Autonomic nerves that control functions such as high blood pressure, heart rate, food digestion and bladder Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy may include: Gradual start of numbness, tingling or prickling in your feet or hands, which can spread upward into your legs and arms Sharp, jabbing, throbbing or burning discomfort Extreme sensitivity to touch Pain throughout activities that shouldn’t cause discomfort, such as discomfort in your feet when putting weight on them or when they’re under a blanket Lack of coordination and falling Muscle weakness Feeling as if you’re wearing gloves or socks when you’re not Paralysis if motor nerves are affected If free nerves are affected, symptoms and signs might include: Heat intolerance Excessive sweating or not having the ability to sweat Bowel, bladder or digestive problems Changes in blood pressure, triggering lightheadedness or lightheadedness Peripheral neuropathy can affect one nerve (mononeuropathy), 2 or more nerves in different locations (multiple mononeuropathy) or lots of nerves (polyneuropathy).
A lot of individuals with peripheral neuropathy have polyneuropathy. Not a single illness, peripheral neuropathy is nerve damage triggered by a number of conditions.
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More than half the people with diabetes establish some kind of neuropathy. These include specific viral or bacterial infections, consisting of Lyme illness, shingles, Epstein-Barr virus, liver disease B and C, leprosy, diphtheria, and HIV. Conditions such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth illness are genetic types of neuropathy. Growths, malignant (deadly) and noncancerous (benign), can develop on the nerves or press nerves.
These are a kind of a degenerative disorder called paraneoplastic syndrome. These consist of an abnormal protein in the blood (monoclonal gammopathies), a type of bone cancer (myeloma), lymphoma and the unusual disease amyloidosis. These consist of kidney illness, liver disease, connective tissue disorders and an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Other reasons for neuropathies include: Poor dietary options made by individuals with alcohol addiction can cause vitamin deficiencies.6.
Specific medications, especially those utilized to treat cancer (chemotherapy), can cause peripheral neuropathy. Injuries, such as from automobile accidents, falls or sports injuries, can sever or harm peripheral nerves. Nerve pressure can result from having a cast or utilizing crutches or repeating a movement such as typing often times.
In a number of cases, no cause can be recognized (idiopathic). Peripheral neuropathy threat aspects consist of: Diabetes, specifically if your sugar levels are improperly controlled Alcohol abuse Vitamin deficiencies, especially B vitamins Infections, such as Lyme disease, shingles, Epstein-Barr virus, liver disease B and C, and HIV Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, in which your body immune system attacks your own tissues Kidney, liver or thyroid disorders Exposure to toxins Repetitive movement, such as those performed for certain jobs Family history of neuropathy Complications of peripheral neuropathy can consist of: You may not feel temperature modifications or pain on parts of your body that are numb.
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Examine these areas regularly and treat small injuries prior to they end up being infected, especially if you have diabetes. Weak point and loss of feeling may be connected with lack of balance and falling. The very best way to prevent peripheral neuropathy is to manage medical conditions that put you at risk, such as diabetes, alcoholism or rheumatoid arthritis.
If you’re vegetarian or vegan, fortified cereals are a good source of vitamin B-12, but speak with your doctor about B-12 supplements. With your physician’s OK, attempt to get at least 30 minutes to one hour of exercise at least 3 times a week. including recurring movements, confined positions that put pressure on nerves, direct exposure to hazardous chemicals, smoking and overindulging in alcohol.
Diabetic neuropathy most frequently harms nerves in your legs and feet. Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy symptoms can vary from discomfort and numbness in your feet and legs to problems with your gastrointestinal system, urinary system, blood vessels and heart.
Diabetic neuropathy is a severe diabetes issue that might impact as many as 50% of people with diabetes. Show more products from Mayo Clinic There are 4 main types of diabetic neuropathy.
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Your signs will depend upon the type you have and which nerves are affected. Usually, symptoms establish gradually. You might not notice anything is wrong up until considerable nerve damage has taken place. This type of neuropathy may also be called distal symmetric peripheral neuropathy. It’s the most common type of diabetic neuropathy.
Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are often worse at night, and might consist of: Numbness or lowered capability to feel discomfort or temperature level changes Tingling or burning sensation Sharp discomforts or cramps Increased level of sensitivity to touch– for some individuals, even a bedsheet’s weight can be unpleasant Serious foot issues, such as ulcers, infections, and bone and joint pain The autonomic nerve system manages your heart, bladder, stomach, intestines, sex organs and eyes.
It can likewise impact the abdominal and chest area. Signs are typically on one side of the body, but may spread to the opposite. You might have: Severe discomfort in a hip and thigh or butt Eventual weak and diminishing thigh muscles Difficulty rising from a sitting position Severe stomach discomfort There are two kinds of mononeuropathy– cranial and peripheral.
Peripheral neuropathy, an outcome of damage to the nerves outside of the brain and spine cord (peripheral nerves), frequently triggers weakness, discomfort and feeling numb, generally in your hands and feet. Not a single illness, peripheral neuropathy is nerve damage caused by a number of conditions.
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can take place if you have diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy most frequently harms nerves in your legs and feet. Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy signs can range from discomfort and tingling in your legs and feet to problems with your gastrointestinal system, urinary system, blood vessels and heart.